Disclaimer: there are bunch of tutorials on how to do this. I’ve already tried setting proxy in OS env and /etc/docker/daemon.json file. Both without success just like few other tries. I’m writing down how I achieved this on my Ubuntu 18.04.
If you’re trying to run Docker without having direct access to web you have to configure daemon to use proxy server. Without it you won’t be able to pull or push any image. Simple daemon check will end with failure.
$ docker run hello-world Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally docker: Error response from daemon: Get https://registry-1.docker.io/v2/: dial tcp 184.108.40.206:443: connect: connection refused.
First what you have to do is to create configuration file /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/http-proxy.conf with following content:
[Service] Environment="HTTP_PROXY=http://10.100.20.30:8000/" "HTTPS_PROXY=http://10.100.20.30:8000/"
Then reload systemd daemon
$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
and restart docker service
$ sudo systemctl restart docker.service
Now Docker should work just fine
$ docker run hello-world Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally latest: Pulling from library/hello-world 1b930d010525: Pull complete Digest: sha256:6540fc08ee6e6b7b63468dc3317e3303aae178cb8a45ed3123180328bcc1d20f Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest Hello from Docker! This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly. To generate this message, Docker took the following steps: The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon. The Docker daemon pulled the "hello-world" image from the Docker Hub. (amd64) The Docker daemon created a new container from that image which runs the executable that produces the output you are currently reading. The Docker daemon streamed that output to the Docker client, which sent it to your terminal. To try something more ambitious, you can run an Ubuntu container with: $ docker run -it ubuntu bash Share images, automate workflows, and more with a free Docker ID: https://hub.docker.com/ For more examples and ideas, visit: https://docs.docker.com/get-started/
Also published on Medium.